感恩节:美国人的中秋节

2016-11-251309

今天是感恩节(Thanksgiving)。
首先,要衷心感谢大家对91reading的支持、鼓励和肯定!
Thank you for your support, encouragement and love!
感恩节,可以说是美国的第一大节,地位更胜圣诞节。
今天,来了解一下美国人如何过感恩节吧!

When is Thanksgiving? 感恩节是哪一天?


Thanksgiving is the fourth Thursday of November: 感恩节是每年11月的第四个星期四
Not the last Thursday of November: 不是最后一个星期四
The fourth Thursday is usually the last Thursday of November, but not always: 第四个星期四通常是最后一个星期四,但不是每年如此
It officially kicks off the holiday season in America: 感恩节也正式开启了美国的节日季

All about the family: 美国的团圆节

Thanksgiving to Americans is like Mid Autumn Festival to Chinese: 感恩节对美国人来说,好比中秋节对中国人的意义
Everyone tries to make their way home and have a family gathering: 大家都会尽量赶回家,和家人团聚
Family reunion: 举家团圆

More important than Christmas: 
比圣诞节更重要

Thanksgiving is not a religious holiday, therefore everyone can and does celebrate it: 感恩节不是一个宗教节日,所以人人都能、也都会庆祝
Non-Christians: 非基督徒
It's a secular holiday: 是一个世俗节日
The Jews don't celebrate Christmas, but they do celebrate Thanksgiving: 比如犹太人,不庆祝圣诞,但会庆祝感恩节
*想不到*
Many Jewish Americans go to Chinese restaurants on Christmas because Western restaurants are closed: 很多美国犹太人圣诞会去中餐馆,因为西餐厅都关门了

Chinese Americans & Thanksgiving: 华人特色的感恩

Diana家的感恩节
Different people in my family would take turns hosting Thanksgiving: 我家的亲戚感恩节会轮流作东
My grandparents are not used to American food. So we cook Chinese food and order Chinese takeout: 我爷爷奶奶吃不惯西餐,所以我们感恩节还是吃中餐、叫中餐外卖
We don't usually have a turkey: 我家基本上不吃火鸡
Every family would bring some food. We would have a potluck: 每家带些菜,大家聚餐

What are you thankful for? 如何表达感恩?

A small ritual before dinner to pay thanks: 晚餐前的小仪式,表达感谢
Make a small speech about what you're thankful for: 每人说段话,说自己感恩什么

如何表达感谢?
Thankful for: 感谢
Grateful for: 感激
比如
I'm thankful for having a great family who loves and supports me:  我感恩家人,爱我、支持我
I'm grateful for all the great experiences this year: 我感恩这一年来所经历的一切

*收到大家很多精彩留言, 这里精选一些*

Family and loved ones: 温馨有爱


Funny & cute: 搞笑的

The origins of Thanksgiving: 感恩节的起源

The origins of Thanksgiving: 感恩节的起源
Pilgrims: 清教徒,指最先从欧洲到美国新大陆的人
Native Indians: 土著印第安人
The pilgrims hosted a big feast to thank the Indians for teaching them how to grow food and having a harvest: 清教徒举办了一场盛宴,感激印第安人教他们种植、得到了丰收

The Thanksgiving feast: 感恩节大餐

Thanksgiving feast: 感恩节大餐
Lots and lots of food with lots of leftovers: 很多、很多好吃的,根本吃不完,会有很多剩菜

感恩节一定要吃:
Roasted turkey, aka, the big bird: 火鸡,美国人也戏称为大鸟
You can get a 15-pound or 20-pound turkey from the supermarket: 超市里可以选要多重的,15磅、20磅等等
It takes a long time to defrost a frozen turkey: 化冻一只冷冻大火鸡要很久
The Thanksgiving feast takes a lof of prep work: 感恩节大餐准备起来工程浩大

Who makes the turkey? 烤火鸡是个神圣的任务

Roasting the turkey is a sacred task: 烤火鸡是个神圣的任务
Family recipes passed down from generations: 每家都有自己祖传的秘方
Seasoning: 调味
The turkey will be very dry if you overcook it: 烤过头了,火鸡肉就会很柴
Many Chinese will go to a Chinese supermarket to buy a roasted turkey:  很多美国华人会去华人超市买适合华人口味的烤火鸡
Rotisserie: 烤肉铺
Ranch 99: 大华99, 美国著名华人连锁超市


Turkey with all the trimmings: 火鸡&配菜

Turkey with all the trimmings: 火鸡和配菜,这是一个固定说法
配菜还有以下更通用的说法: 
Side dishes/sides: 配菜
感恩节火鸡经典配菜: 
Mashed potatoes with gravy: 土豆泥配肉汁
Stuffing: 火鸡肚子里塞的馅料
To stuff: 塞进去
No one cooks a turkey without the stuffing: 没人烤火鸡会不塞馅料
It's almost as important as the turkey: 馅料和火鸡一样重要

What's in the stuffing? 火鸡馅料里有什么?
Bread crumbs: 干面包、面包糠
Veggies: 蔬菜
Fruits: 水果
Nuts: 坚果
Herbs: 香料
Cranberry sauce: 蔓越莓酱
You have to eat turkey with cranberry sauce: 吃火鸡一定要配蔓越莓酱

Unique dessert: 创新甜点

All kinds of pies, e.g. pumpkin pie, sweet potato pie: 传统甜点是各类派,比如南瓜派、红薯派
不过还有个创新甜点:
Roasted pumpkin or sweet potato with marshmallow: 烤南瓜、烤红薯,上面铺一层棉花糖
Guilty pleasure: 罪恶的享受

The holiday season begins: 节日季开始啦!

The holiday season: 节日季
It starts with Thanksgiving, covers Black Friday, Christmas and the New Year: 从感恩节开始, 包括黑色星期五购物节、圣诞节、元旦
Holiday decorations: 节日装饰
You can smell the holiday in the air: 空气里弥漫着节日的味道
The holiday spirit: 节日气息、节日气氛
Warm & fuzzy feeling: 非常温馨




发言有风险,评论需谨慎。复制粘贴、无意义及其他不当评论,将被管理员删除,并扣除相应积分。
请登录后评论 ?
就要阅读网 MinMax-91Reading
MinMax 是中国中小学生英文原版书分级与进阶测评标准的制定者,阅读一体化解决方案的提供者。
91Reading 是北京美锐美思教育咨询有限公司旗下线上业务站点。
在这里,拥有国内品种最全、数量最多的英文绘本与各类书籍;
在这里,拥有由专业人员组成的导师团队,指导你如何进行阅读;
在这里,有最详尽最贴心最实用的英文阅读方法及最科学的阅读力进阶测试;
来 91Reading——我们尽最大的努力,提供更多、更优良的英文原版读物,让您享受到阅读带来的乐趣和帮助! View More
联系方式
  • 公司: 北京美锐美思教育咨询有限公司

  • 地址: 北京市海淀区上地十街1号院3号楼14层1410

  • 电话: 010-86487313

  • 邮件: admin@91reading.cc

  • 工作时间: 周一至周五:9:30 - 19:30